|Cityscape, Manhattan, New York. Ældre højhuse og skyskrabere|
|Cityscape, Manhattan, New York. Ældre højhuse|
|High Line Park|
|Cityscape. Manhattan, New York. Mosaik|
|Cityscape, Manhattan, New York. Spejl & skrå og knækkede profiler og linjer|
|Cityscape, Manhattan, New York. Spejl & blød, runde former|
|Cityscape, Manhattan, New York. Mosaik & skæve vertikale linjer|
|Cityscape, Manhattan, New York. Skrå og knækkede vertikale linjer|
|Cityscape, Manhattan, New York. Mosaik & lodret proiler med buede og skæve linjer|
|Cityscape, Manhattan, New York. Mosaik & knækked, brudte linjer og udskæringer|
Wright made no secret of his disenchantment with Guggenheim's choice of New York for his museum: "I can think of several more desirable places in the world to build his great museum," Wright wrote in 1949 to Arthur Holden, "but we will have to try New York." To Wright, the city was overbuilt, overpopulated, and lacked architectural merit.Still, he proceeded with his client's wishes, considering locations on 36th Street, 54th Street, and Park Avenue (all in Manhattan), as well as in the Riverdale section of the Bronx, before settling on the present site on Fifth Avenue between 88th and 89th Streets. Its proximity to Central Park was key; as close to nature as one gets in New York, the park afforded relief from the noise and congestion of the city.
Rather than hold a competition for the design of the facilities for the headquarters, the UN decided to commission a multinational team of leading architects to collaborate on the design. The American architect Wallace K. Harrison was named as Director of Planning, and a Board of Design Consultants was composed of architects, planners and engineers nominated by member governments. The board consisted of N. D. Bassov of the Soviet Union, Gaston Brunfaut (Belgium), Ernest Cormier (Canada), Le Corbusier (France), Liang Seu-cheng (China), Sven Markelius (Sweden),Oscar Niemeyer (Brazil), Howard Robertson (United Kingdom), G. A. Soilleux (Australia), and Julio Vilamajó (Uruguay).
The property, originally a slaughter house before the donation took place. While the United Nations had dreamed of constructing an independent city for its new world capital, multiple obstacles soon forced the Organization to downsize their plans. The diminutive site on the East River necessitated a "Rockefeller Center"-type vertical complex, thus, it was a given that the Secretariat would be housed in a tall office tower.During daily meetings from February to June 1947, the collaborative team produced at least 45 designs and variations. After much discussion, Harrison, who coordinated the meetings, determined that a design based on Niemeyer's project 32 and Le Corbusier's project 23 would be developed for the final project.Le Corbusier's project 23 consisted of a large block containing both the Assembly Hall and the Council Chambers near the centre of the site with the Secretariat tower emerging as a slab from the south. Niemeyer's plan was closer to that actually constructed, with a distinctive General Assembly building, a long low horizontal block housing the other meeting rooms, and a tall tower for the Secretariat.The complex as built, however, repositioned Niemeyer's General Assembly building to the north of this tripartite composition. This plan included a public plaza as well. Le Corbusier and Niemeyer merged their schemes 23–32, and this, along with suggestions from the other members of the Board of Design Consultants, was developed into project 42G. This late project was built with some reductions and other modifications.
- Vi har selvfølgelig haft en stor ærefrygt ved det at skulle lave noget til en sal, som i sin tid blev lavet af Finn Juhl. Det med at gå i fodsporene på sådan en dygtig mand har været lidt af en udfordring, siger arkitekt Thomas Sigsgaard.- Det er meget stort at være med til. Vi kender jo kun Finn Juhl fra bøgerne og historietimerne. Som møbelsnedker har jeg altid beundret hans ting, fordi jeg synes de er utroligt lavet, siger designeren Kasper Salto.- Vi er blevet mere bekendt med ham undervejs, og faktisk er vi endt med forstå ham meget bedre, end vi gjorde i begyndelsen, siger Kasper Salto, der glæder sig til åbningen, der foregår kl. 11 lokal tid i New York.
- Det bliver ret fantastisk. Det er en national sag. Vi har Spreckelsens flotte triumfbue i Paris og Sydney operahuset i Australien, og så bliver det nævnt, at vi også har den her sal i New York, og det er jo noget, der vækker nogle følelser inde i os, siger Kasper Salto.
Jeg er næsten sikker på at jeg den gang i 61-62 var oppe på det berømte udsigtssdæk med med et betagende view over det meste af New York. Men jeg har ingen fotos derfra, så jeg er faktisk lidt usikker på om det er en ægte,men tåget erindring - eller et mentalt aftryk af de mange amerikanske film som i årenes løb har brugt observationsplatformen og selv bygningen som spektakulær location.
|Udsigten fra "the Rock" mod syd|
|Udsigten fra "the Rock" mod nord|
|Lunch atop a Skyscraper. Fotograf Charles C. Ebbets|
Den 28. juli 1945 i tåge kolliderede et B-25 bombeflymed Empire State Building på 79. etage, uden at bygningen ramlede sammen. Den ene motor trængte igennem og faldt ud på den anden side. Den anden motor fik en elevatorstol til at falde ned i kælderen, uden at dræbe passagererne. 11 mennesker i Empire State Building og tre om bord på flyet døde, mens 26 blev kvæstet, primært brandsår
I den faste intro til tv-seriens episoder, ser man de to skyskrabere stå klart og tydeligt som en del af New Yorks Skyline by night. Også i de episoder af serien som blev udsendt efter 9/11 2001.
|Liebskinds oprindelige design|
The building was originally a concept of Daniel Libeskind, the architect who designed the site plan for Ground Zero. The tower itself was a major selling point of the plan, and earned Libeskind the weighty endorsement of Governor George Pataki. Larry Silverstein, the developer who owns the rights to build at Ground Zero, was not as impressed, complaining that the site did not call for enough office space. Silverstein brought in David Childs of Skidmore Owings and Merrill to adapt the Freedom Tower concept to his needs.What followed was a fiery collaboration between Childs, who was named the building's lead architect, and Libeskind, who was assigned the role of collaborating architect. It was not clear exactly what role either man held, though, and the struggle between the two became so bitter that as of last week they were reportedly not even on speaking terms.
|New WTC 'under construction'|
Starchitect is a portmanteau used to describe architects whose celebrity and critical acclaim have transformed them into idols of the architecture world and may even have given them some degree of fame amongst the general public. Celebrity status is generally associated with avant-gardist novelty. Developers around the world have proven eager to sign up "top talent" (i.e., starchitects) in hopes of convincing reluctant municipalities to approve large developments, of obtaining financing or of increasing the value of their buildings. A key characteristic is that the architect's designs are almost always "iconic" and highly visible within the site or context.